Neuroplasticity is one fundamental process that describes any change in final neural activity or behavioral response. Neuroplasticity is the vast collection of different brain change and adaptation phenomena. There are two main types of neuroplasticity, Structural neuroplasticity and Functional neuroplasticity.

Structural neuroplasticity is in which the strength of the connections between neurons (or synapses) changes. Functional neuroplasticity is which describes the permanent changes in synapses due to learning and development.

There are four main types of neuroplasticity observed in children: Adaptive, Impaired, Excessive and Plasticity that makes the brain vulnerable to injury.

Adaptive: changes that occur when children practice a special skill and allow the brain to adapt to functional or structural changes in the brain (like injuries).

Impaired: changes occur due to genetic or acquired disorders.

Excessive: the reorganization of new, maladaptive pathways that can cause disability or disorders.

Plasticity that makes the brain vulnerable to injury: harmful neuronal pathways are formed that make injury